Summer Solstice & Litha Sabbat

Welcome back to my new virtual corner, here Elhoim, and here is a new post made for you.

The wheel of the year continues to turn, and as long as the wheel turns, we who live in it will find all the reasons and motives to celebrate it.

The wheel of the year is the calendar for the celebration of sabbats and cosmic events that influence the rhythms and movements of mother earth, each occasion is a reason for celebration and/or veneration, between solstices and equinoxes our wheel moves and allows us to celebrate together, and in different ways, the natural events that influence the passing of days (light, climate, vegetation, tides, and thus even the economy, our daily routines, and our state of mind.)

During the last weeks of June, we celebrate the Summer Solstice in the North and the arrival of winter in the South. This energetic moment marks a powerful change for all of us in the way our daily routines begin to influence everything around us, the warmer days or colder days directly influence the way we dress, the food we find available in the market, the hours of sleep, and all this has an enormous weight on our moods, without leaving aside the fact that all these routines influence our magical rituals, and for many, perhaps even the way in which they manifest or express their own individual power.

The Summer Solstice, one of the four minor (or lesser) sabbats observed by Witches and other Pagans, occurs approximately on this date each year. The traditional herbs associated with the sabbath include: chamomile, cinquefoil, elder, fennel, hemp, larkspur, lavender, mugwort, roses, saint john’s wort, wild thyme, and verbena


Herbal Magick: A Guide to Herbal Enchantments, Folklore, and Divination.

Summer Solstice

Ostara and Beltane have just happened, even the flowers that emerged with the last full moon are in sight, and squirrels and seasonal birds are moving around. The days have gotten warmer and the mornings have that bright golden hue that reminds us that the horned god watches us from the window and watches over us from a safe distance.

Summertime is perfect to visit local parks, rivers, and beaches, to collecting seashells and sacred sand.

The Summer Solstice is here and it is time to celebrate it, this Wiccan sabbat is a time of sowing light, because the next festival, Lughnasadh (Lammas) is coming very soon.

This is the most beautiful moment to focus on celebrating the presence of the sun in our lives, the daily light that accompanies us and warms the path, the light that is reflected in the butterfly fairies in each park and on the surface of the waters. , the rivers, the beaches, and the lakes.

The importance of adapting the Celebration to your Life, and not the other way around.

“Litha, also known as Midsummer, is the celebration of the Summer Solstice. It typically occurs on June 21, opposite of the winter solstice. A fire festival, we see the gods in their full glory after the death, sleep, and rebirth that occurred during fall, winter, and spring. Litha is the longest day of the year in the northern hemisphere when the sun is far north as it is ever going to get.

~ Temperance Alden, Year of the Witch: Connecting with Nature’s Seasons through Intuitive Magick.

Following Temperance Alden’s instructions in her best-selling Year of The Witch, I have created my own Year Wheel. For me, the month of June was for many years a month of study, of going on vacation to visit my uncle to take extra math classes during the vacations, and later, they became (June and July) my months of much preparation, constant physical training in military school, and living in a tropical country with eternal summer, celebrating the arrival of the solstice does not make much sense.

Venezuela is located on the dividing line of the equator, although it is «geographically» (or rather, geopolitically) a South American country, we are not so far down the hemisphere as to receive or even perceive the arrival of winter at that time, In any case, we are closer to the north, because the days do feel warmer, throughout the country except in the Amazon, which is an absurdly prosperous season for the vegetation in the humid forests.

Although I read in all these old books on Wicca (written mostly by men, that we are not the best to understand or talk about natural cycles), that it was time to celebrate the arrival of summer, nobody in my coven celebrated it, for us it was just one more day of the month of school vacations, probably just another day to visit one of our hundreds of beaches full of tourists, sunbathing, and eating tostones (a typical dish served on the beaches of Venezuela, consists of baked ripe plantains and later covered with huge amounts of grated white cheese, ketchup, mayonnaise, and sometimes caramelized onions).

For me personally, the two weeks before the summer solstice, and the two weeks after, are a time to remember the beaches, the typical food of my country, and folk music (more out of nostalgia than pleasure, huh!).

It’s my season to prepare baked arepas, fried empanadas with cheese, dulce de leche, sweet pawpaw slices, guava taquitos, beet salad with potatoes, and bean soup with pork and lots of cilantro.

collect flowers and keep them very dried, like roses, sunflower, chamomile, and marigold, and seal it in a bottle for the next year using candlewax.

Books, Rituals, and Charms

Thus, there are hundreds of books with hundreds of well-crafted rituals to celebrate the solstice and take advantage of its energy. I like to focus on very recent books (with a more modern perspective) and especially those written by women (who are born experts in everything related to natural cycles, right?).

As far as rituals are concerned, those who have been initiated and ordained into the Wiccan religion conduct their celebrations in covens, some in public and some in private. For those who are not Wiccans, the sun and the hot days invite them to go out and walk through the parks, through the mountains, and visit natural places where they can appreciate the magical and mystical splendor of natural light bordering all things that exist, and remember that each particle of that light has traveled incredibly long distances for a long time to reach us, to nourish us, and to warm our soul, heart, and skin.

If you are at home, white and gold candles, herbal incense (not floral), and a banquet with food that represents the vegetation and the power of the solar corona, such as corn, wheat, oranges, and seasonal fruits, juices of fruits to connect with the earth, especially those juices that you can prepare yourself at home, like a delicious orange juice with carrots, or a pineapple juice with melon and passion fruit.

Spend the day making drawings that represent the sun and the solar gods, as well as those horned gods of the ancestors, looking for a way to pay homage to them and honor their memories and their presence in our days. It is a simple and creative way to disconnect for a moment from the mundane and focus on connecting with the rituals of those who came before us.

To complement your search on this topic, I recommend your read this other incredibly good post:

with love, Elhoim

Author of ‘The Magical Art of Crafting Charm Bags’ and ‘Manifestation Magic’.

Books to Check:

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Beltane, celebrating fire and light, 2022.

Beltane or Beltaine is a fire and light festival celebrated on April 30/May 1, halfway between the spring equinox and the summer solstice.

«The Wheel of the Year» also symbolically reflects the traditional female cycles of life, from maiden to mother to crown, before her rebirth again»

~Zoe Howe.

Beltane, or as we have called it for years in my virtual space, the Sabbat of light, is one of the most powerful moments of the Wheel of the Year when we celebrate (after the complete exit of winter a month ago) the solar fire and everything that it symbolizes, heat, life, light, the illuminated paths that allow us to dance and pilgrimage between the worlds, the sacred path of the gods, and we venerate the almighty Horned God who is preparing for summer.

It is the celebration of light, heat, fire, and the sun. Solar deities such as Helios, Apollo, Lugh, and many others gain enormous devotion in those days and it is common to find them being named over and over again, not only in virtual posts like this one but (more importantly) in multiple rituals and celebrations in the parks.

In Wicca, we not only celebrate the cycles of nature on the outside, but also all those cycles that we live internally, the manifestation of the internal sacred fire, sexuality, fertility, virility, sensuality, and all forms of expression. of the fire of the horned god.

“Beltane, one of the four major sabbats celebrated each year by Witches and other Pagans, is observed on this day. The traditional herbs associated with this sabbat include almond, angelica, ash tree, bluebells, cinquefoil, daisy, frankincense, hawthorn, ivy, lilac, marigold, primrose, roses, satyrion root, and yellow cowslips”

~ Gerina Dunwich.

The month of May is full of folklore and all kinds of magical myths, such as the purifying rain of May that cleanses our souls and our thoughts, the fire of May that illuminates the path of those who have departed, and the light of May that comes straight from the high realm of the oldest gods. It is a month to celebrate divinity, fairies, and all forms of life in nature, which is why Beltane is one of the most important Sabbats, we are not only celebrating life and natural cycles, but also light and fire. that will accompany us throughout the rest of the year.

Right now, those seeds that we have previously sown in the first moments after winter are beginning to emerge seeking to reach the warm sunlight. For this reason, we relate the Beltane celebration periods with the abundance of grain and cornfields.

While there are many books on the subject, my favorite passage to explain the Beltane celebration is found in Chapter five: «The Rise of the God, The Realm of Sun and Fire» in Judy Ann Nock’s recent title «The Modern Witchcraft Book of Natural Magick: Your Guide to Crafting Charms, Rituals, and Spells from the Natural World», where she, as the author, fully and briefly explains the myth and folklore related to the Beltane celebrations and their associated male gods like Belenos, Beli Mawr, and Lugh, as well as a powerful and extensive meditation to be performed in this cycle, charms, spells, candle making, and many other ways to celebrate.

“The Sun God pierces the darkness with blinding rays; he is called by many names. To the ancient Celts, he was known as Belenos, the Shining One, and by the Welsh name Beli Mawr. His name is the root of Beltane, and his worship was widespread.”

~ Judy Ann Nock.

Beltane is a celebration of fertility and life, light and fire, abundance and prosperity. We are celebrating that just like our ancestors, we have survived the cold winter and its long nights, the cycles and the rain have passed, the fields, the gardens, and all our plantations are nourished and the sun feels warmer every day, it is time then to collect what we have previously sown and hugged each other on this holiday.

*Wheel of the Year
It is the wheel of annual celebrations for most Pagans, Wiccans, and Witches, as well as all those who identify as Neo-Pagans. Said wheel describes the annual cycles of sabbats and their various celebrations that embody the natural cycles and terrestrial movements, made up of eight festivities, including the solstices and equinoxes.

light candles at home was for many years my own-individual way to celebrate Beltane because my complicated schedule, and is so valid as yours, search for ways to bring and represent light at home.

Recommended Readings:

~ TEMPERANCE ALDEN, Year of the Witch: Connecting with Nature’s Seasons through Intuitive Magick. Weiser Books.

~ GERINA DUNWICH, Herbal Magick: A Guide to Herbal Enchantments, Folklore, and Divination. Weiser Books.

~ EMMA KATHRYN, Witch Life: A Practical Guide to Making Every Day Magic. Llewellyn Books.

~ ZOE HOWE, Witchful Thinking: The Wise Woman’s Handbook for Creating a Charmed Life. Llewellyn Books.

~ JUDY ANN NOCK, The Modern Witchcraft Book of Natural Magick: Your Guide to Crafting Charms, Rituals, and Spells from the Natural World. Adams Media.

~ MHARA STARlING, Welsh Witchcraft: A Guide to the Spirits, Lore, and Magic of Wales. Llewellyn Books (especially for those in search of information about Calan May: May Day, an annual Celtic festival that we talk a lot about but know little about.)

Support my work/Check My Books available wherever books are sold:

~ Manifestation Magic: 21 Rituals, Spells, and Amulets for Abundance, Prosperity, and Wealth.

~ The Magical Art of Crafting Charm Bags: 100 Mystical Formulas for Success, Love, Wealth, and Wellbeing

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Taurus Time, New Moon & Partial Solar Eclipse

Hello and welcome back to ‘The Sorcerer’s Drawer’ my new blog where I am restarting after eleven years with the old one, I hope you enjoy the minimalistic format, here is a new post for you to enjoy. Hugs!

This Thursday the 29th Mercury (the communicator) has entered the astrological sign of Gemini, this is a strong impulse in relation to communications, just in time to meet and share important opinions, because this Friday the 30th the Pluto Retrograde cycle begins, currently positioned in Capricorn.

Book Recommended:

Mercury in Gemini
(communication, intelligence)

Mercury is the planet that regulates all forms and means of communication, while Gemini is the astrological sign of duplicity, complement, and ambivalence. Communications flow more openly during this brief period (two or almost three weeks), even though Pluto in Capricorn comes to play a pretty heavy hand on us.

Pluto Rx in Capricorn
(rebirth, individual trauma, transmutation)

The retrograde movements of Pluto usually feel like a shovel trying to remove the seabed, where the wet sands of the depth remain static for long periods of time under the pressure of the sea, once you move a little, a large cloud of land rises in the dark deep waters and release all kinds of inert bodies of old fish and snails that rested in peace.

Pluto is related to everything that we keep in the dark: secrets, rumors, past traumatic experiences that we prefer to avoid, and all those conversations that we keep out of focus.

The position of Pluto in Capricorn, the sign of order, karma, structures, leads us to put in order everything that we must work on ourselves, and this can manifest as intentions to go to the doctor to look at what has been bothering you but you have not wanted to tell anyone, or that desire to ask your friend for the number of that therapist who had recommended you see.

The movement of Pluto Retrograde (in Capricorn) is felt like an individual and internal pressure to cleanse ourselves from the inside and bring out everything that bothers and confuses us, everything that we have been dragging for a long time or everything that represses us from the inside, from old and outdated thought patterns to familiar conversations that we have long avoided.

These next five months of Pluto Retrograde lead us to work internally with everything we do (our daily work) and seek to understand the motivation behind everything we do, how it occupies our heads and how it makes us feel at the end of the day.

New Moon in Taurus

This Saturday, April 30, the new news happens in Taurus. The new moons are periods of study, internal work, reset, and restart, they are sacred moments that induce us to review everything that we carry internally (feelings, emotions, dreams,…) and to seek the reason why we keep them there and We haven’t revealed them yet.

The new moons open periods of manifestation to sow our growth intentions within a period of six months. This period will end in six full moons, which leads us to plant short-term projects and intentions (15 days until the next full moon) and long-term (six months until the last full moon of this cycle).

Taurus is the sign of strength, dexterity, immovability that allows us to resist external influence, and the ability to move forward by removing any obstacle. It is a good time to sow those intentions and projects that we want to manifest but that feel blocked for one reason or another.

Partial Solar Eclipse in Taurus

Eclipse season is here, and these seasons are powerful periods of manifestation that lead us to execute all kinds of short but specific changes in our daily lives. This partial solar eclipse (at the same time as the new moon) opens a six-month period of changes to focus on everything related to our economic stability, from finding and/or improving our source of income, to the search for new ways to invest our money and to save it more productively.

Taurus, as I mentioned before, is a sign of stability and forward movement. This eclipse leads you to ask yourself the question «how can you make better use of my resources and income for my own convenience in the coming months? What can I invest more in? What can I spend less on?»

During times of eclipses, it is normal that the energy feels different in our body and you may then feel exhausted and tired or suffer unexpected mood swings, after all, eclipses consist of one source of energy blocking another, do not underestimate that one of your energy sources is being temporarily blocked and your body is preserving energy in advance.

Eclipses are equally powerful times to reflect, release and let go of old habits and vices, as well as open your mind to new thought patterns that benefit you.

Check my books:

Manifestation Magic: 21 Rituals, Spells, and Amulets for Abundance, Prosperity, and Wealth

The Magical Art of Crafting Charm Bags: 100 Mystical Formulas for Success, Love, Wealth, and Wellbeing

A Thread (from my Twitter) about RACISM inside Publishing Houses.

Why would a publisher prefer/choose to endorse and publish a white author’s book on BIPOC magic and culture (hoodoo, voodoo, folklore, Afro-Caribbean, etc…) when they could publish a real author of color.

I was having this conversation while drinking coffee w/ two priestesses who are planning to write a book in the future: BIPOC, books, ghostwriters, con-artists, marketing, and publishers.

A Thread 🧵 from my Twitter.

#witchtwt #occulttwitter #writingcommmunity

Before getting into statistics (below) the first reasons why this happens are obviously:

1st MONEY because the big bookstore chains and publishing companies are in the hands of white men who prefer to keep it that way.

The 2nd is the «sympathy» on the part of white male Publishers/CEO toward white male authors. It’s called «institutionalized racism» and it’s pronounced «white privilege» although we struggle every day to see only one side of the coin, ignoring that both go hand in hand.

White publishers (and white-passing) prefer to publish and endorse mostly white authors because they have a greater opportunity to be invited to podcasts (predominantly white-male market) which give bigger exposure to the author/book, which translates into higher sales.

BIPOC Authors represent only 22% of the US publishing market, male authors are 55% of the market, and 69% of US bookstores are white-owned. While each 2 of the 3 publishers offers a lower advance (and % profit) margin for books sold to BIPOC authors than to white authors.

When the publisher signs a white author, he has a greater chance of being invited to shows (radio/tv/pods) and events than an author of color. So the 1st will sell an average of 10 units for every 2 units that the author of color sells in the same market at the same time.

While BIPOC authors in 92% of cases are only invited to shows and promotional events for two reasons: 1st. The organizing team has at least one person of color. 2nd. The event wants/seeks to avoid any controversy related to racial inequality.

The white author ends up getting more promotion/exposure/sales and ends up getting another publishing deal with the publisher soon after, while the BIPOC author (because of all of the above) ends up retiring or self-publishing due to anxiety and frustration.

Example of the above

A BIPOC woman who only manages to get two books published with a major publisher in five years, or a BIPOC male author who only manages to sign two books in six years, while in the same amount of time. A white author (regardless of being male or female) who is constantly and publicly accused of cultural appropriation, with half the credentials, reviews, and public acceptance, finds to sign for five books in five years, with the same publishing house.

In most cases, the author of color is doomed to receive a narrower spectrum of promotional opportunities with the publisher from the moment it’s signed the contract, under the terms of modern contracts which offer the publisher by law the right to ‘ first refusal’.

The author can spend up to ten years without publishing anything without being officially released from the contract (by the publisher) before having the opportunity to resort to a lawsuit for discrimination and eligibility.

In some cases (too few to be measured statistically) the publisher and CEO may even prefer the option of publishing a BIPOC culture book (ex: Santeria, Hoodoo, La Santa Muerte, Orishas) under the «credentials» of a white editor-ghostwriter masked as a BIPOC author.

A BIPOC will probably accept any contract (even under these conditions) either for the obvious reasons (racial discrimination/lack of opportunities to enter the publishing market) or for total ignorance of the subject, thinking will be treated exactly like everyone else.

If five years working as a promoter for a small Spanish printing company in Venezuela (Circulo de Lectores, S.A.), as well as #digitalmarketer for three Marketing companies in US (NetLatam/ICONYC, EcoLatinPub, Brand Builders) has taught me something, is the next:

From the inside, when these companies seek to hire you to promote their products, ensure higher spending power for products/services created by white males, and lower spending (sometimes as low as 23% compared to previous) for BIPOC/women creatives, authors and entrepreneurs.

Although it is not the fault of a person because of the color of their skin to have a certain range of privileges, few authors recognize the privilege they have and use it to change the industry from within by raising voices of color.


Here below, I enclose for you a brief list of links that I invite you to consult, as well as a brief list of esoteric books by different BIPOC authors (of my preference) who make use of our «status» (so to speak) to promote others in our same industry.



~ ‘The Unbearable Whiteness of Publishing’ Revisited…/85450-the-unbearable…

~ How #PublishingPaidMe Exposed Racial Inequities…/83838-how…

#racism #publishing

Just How White Is the Book Industry? (by New York Times)…/diversity-publishing-industry…

The War on Inclusion: How Publishing’s Refusal to Confront Systemic Whiteness Fails Authors of Color…

Number-crunching the overwhelming whiteness of the book publishing industry…/number-crunching-the…

Diversity in publishing – still hideously middle-class and white? (by The Guardian)…/diversity-publishing-new…

How white people uphold systemic racism in publishing #AuthorToolboxBlogHop…/howwhitepeopleupholdsystem…/

revisiting white privilege in publishing…/revisiting-white…/

‘A Conflicted Cultural Force’: What It’s Like to Be Black in Publishing…/books/book-publishing-black.html (by NYTIMES)


My Own Book on Charm Bags:…/dp/1578636191/

Orishas, Goddesses, and Voodoo Queens, by Lilith Dorsey:…/dp/1578636957/

The Witch’s Guide to the Paranormal, by Allen Cross:…/dp/0738772089/

Powerful Juju, by Najah Lightfoot:…/dp/0738767158/

Hoodoo Justice Magic, by Miss Aida:…/dp/1578637562/

Brujas: The Magic and Power of Witches of Color, by Lorraine Monteagut Ph.D. :…/dp/1641603992/

Clearing Spaces: Inspirational Techniques to Heal Your Home, by Khi Armand:…/dp/1454919582/

Viracocha, the creator God, and the white god of the Inca peoples, before and after the Spanish colonization.


Cuestiones de lingüistica e historia andinas Compilación Tomo I Huacho -Perú, Alfredo Torero.

Ritos y tradiciones de Huarochirí, Gerald Taylor.

Viracocha : The Nature and Antiquity of the Andean High God, Arthur Andrew.

Viracocha or Huiracocha, his full name/title in quechua language is “Apu Qun Illa Tiqsi Wiraquchan Pachayachachiq Pachakamaq, Apu Kon Illa Teqse Wiraqochan Pachayachacheq Pachakamaq”, that is translated as “the Great Lord, eternal radiance, source of life, knowledge, and maker of the world”.

Also called *The god of staves and rods, he is a divinity of heaven that encompasses the Andean idea of ​​a general «creator god», which would originate from the Caral culture (3100 BC), he is also a central figure of the Puerta del Sol de Tiahuanaco, later venerated as the supreme god within the Inca Empire. He appears as the creator of the world, the sun, and the moon. He is also credited with creating the «Kamaqen», the substance from which all things that exist in the universe originate. According to the chronicles, Huiracocha «was always here», however, after creating the world, he was «born» from the depths of Lake Titicaca on the shores of the island of the sun.

Viracocha created the universe, the sun, the moon, and the stars, time (commanding the sun to move across the sky), and civilization itself. Viracocha was worshiped as the god of the sun and storms. He was represented with the sun as a crown, with rays on his hands and tears that fell from his eyes in the form of rain. According to the Inca cosmogony, Viracocha can be assimilated to Saturn, the «old god», the maker of time, or «deus faber» (maker god), corresponding to the visible planet with the longest revolution around the sun.

Imagen aquí del dios de las varas

*The God of the staffs, also known as the God of the rods, is an important deity in Andean cultures. Usually, he is depicted holding a staff in each hand, with fanged teeth and extended legs and claws, the other characteristics of him are unknown, although he is often depicted with snakes on his headdress or clothing. He is known as Viracocha in the Inca religion.

The oldest known representation of the God of the Rods was found in 2003 in some broken gourd fragments at a burial site in the Pativilca river valley (Norte Chico region) and the carbon dates back to 2250 BC. This makes it the oldest image of a god found in the Americas.

In Inca mythology, Huiracocha (in Quechua, Wiraqucha) was the invisible and abstract creator deity of the Andean worldview. It was considered the original splendor (in Quechua, Illa Teqse or The Lord, Master of the World. Actually, it was the first divinity of the ancient Tiahuanacos, who came from Lake Titicaca. It emerged from the waters and created heaven and earth. The cult of the creator god was a concept of the abstract and the intellectual and was destined for the nobility. This god or huaca apparently is also found in the iconography of the inhabitants of Caral, Chavín, and Wari.

«He made mankind by breathing into stones, but his first creation were brainless giants that displeased him. So, he destroyed them with a flood and made humans, beings who were better than the giants, from smaller stones. After creating them, they were scattered all over the world. » Juan de Betanzos.

Huiracocha has considered the most prominent among the Andean gods and his figure of him is the central one of the Portada del Sol de Tiwanaku. It is possible that the great diffusion of it was due to the fact that the Catholic evangelizers were looking for a name to explain the concept of God to the indigenous people. In addition, they added other words to his name in order to emphasize his supreme quality, and in this way, the Quechua name of Apu Qun Tiksi Wiraqucha was formed.

He is believed to intervene in times of crisis but is also seen as a cultural hero. The overlapping aspects in the upper pantheon consisting of Wiracocha, Punchao, Inti, and Illapa, could be derived from a single entity of the god of the sky and the storm. Sometimes the aspects have enough differences to worship them in a separate way.

In legend, he had a son, Inti, and two daughters, Mama Killa and Pachamama. In this legend, he destroyed the people around Lake Titicaca with a Great Flood called Unu Pachakutiq, which lasted 60 days and 60 nights, saving two to bring civilization to the rest of the world. These two beings are Manco Cápac, son of Inti (sometimes taken as the son of Viracocha), whose name means «splendid foundation», and Mama Uqllu, which means «mother fertility». These two founded the Inca civilization carrying a golden staff, called ‘tapac-yauri’. In another legend, he was the father of the first eight civilized humans. In some stories, he has a wife named Mama Qucha.

Viracocha eventually disappeared across the Pacific Ocean (by walking on the water), and never returned. He wandered the earth disguised as a beggar, teaching his new creations the basics of civilization, as well as working numerous miracles. Many, however, refused to follow his teachings, returning to warfare and delinquency; Viracocha wept when he saw the plight of the creatures he had created.

“Various chronicles and myths describe Huiracocha as «the Maker,» a distant and powerful god, but others speak about the appearance of the «mythical hero» and his adventures and pilgrimages.”

Antoinette Molinié-Fioravanti. «The Return of Viracocha.»

According to the chronicler Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa.

In the story of the explorer and historian Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, there are several descriptions of the creation of the world by Wiracocha. In the beginning, there is one called Wiracocha Pachayachachic. After creating the dark world, giant men are born. When these giants rebel and disobey his orders, Wiracocha Pachayachachic turns them to stone and causes a giant flood that covers the land.

Some of the nations, besides Cuzco, say that some people survived. In the fable of the second age, Wiracocha Pachayachachic saves three people, one of whom is named Taguapácac and takes his new servants to a lake in Collao and Titicaca Island. He creates the moon, the sun, and the stars. When Taguapaca disobeys him, he is dragged to the bottom of the lake and transformed into a statue of salt. Afterward, the two servants took two different roads, one through the mountain range to the southern sea and the other through the Andes. Wiracocha takes the path among his servants. As they walk, they populate the earth and create the Andean nations. When Wiracocha arrives in the Charcas region, the people there try to kill him. He causes a fire to fall from the sky and many die. Wiracocha extinguishes the fire with his staff, and then the people worship him.

Sarmiento de Gamboa also describes that there are other stories about the creation of Wiracocha. Another says that Wiracocha was created near Titicaca and then he made men and giants in his likeness to populate the earth. They all have the same mother tongue, but after a while they cannot communicate. After creating the world and people, Wiracocha continues his journey to perform miracles and instruct his servants.

According to the chronicler Juan de Betanzos.

The story of Juan de Betanzos is very similar to the myth of Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. Huiracocha emerges from Lake Titicaca and creates a race of man. But his creatures enrage him and then he transforms them to stone. Then he creates the sun, the stars, and the moon. Again, he makes men and creates the various provinces of Peru. He forms different lineages of humanity and gives each group a different clothing, language, song, agricultural system, and religion. He sends some men to the mountains, the rivers, and the caves. He orders two of the men to take a specific route to populate the earth. They take the same path as the servants in Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa’s story.

Huiracocha takes the Camino Real that goes to the mountains, towards a region called Caxamalca. He meets a group of people who don’t recognize him and then they try to kill him. Huiracocha causes fire to fall from the sky and therefore people are afraid of dying. He tells them that he is their God, the creator, and they begin to worship him. He continues his journey, arriving in Cusco and joining the two men he sent earlier. Together they disappear over the sea.

According to the vision of the traditional Andean chronicle

Huarochirí manuscript:

The identity of Huiracocha is combined with that of the god Cuniraya in the first chapter of the Huarochirí Manuscript. The addition of the name Huiracocha to worship that idol shows that he was invoked and respected.

The myth that follows explains the exploits of Cuniraya Viracocha and the way he deceives the huaca Cavillaca: All the huacos wanted her, but she had never slept with any of them. One day, Cuniraya Huiracocha transformed into a bird and planted her male germ in a fruit. Cavillaca ate the fruit and became pregnant without having had sexual intercourse. When she tried to identify the father of her son, Cuniraya Wiracocha appeared as a poor beggar and tried to get her son back. Cavillaca did not believe him and ran out to sea, where she and her son were transformed into islands. Cuniraya Wiracocha tried to find her and asked several animals for help, but she was too late. Upon reaching the sea, she raped the youngest daughter of Pachacamac, another deity. When her mother tried to punish him, he ran away from her. Wandering the land, Wiracocha is known to deceive men.

According to the vision of the traditional Andean chronicle

Huarochirí manuscript:

The identity of Huiracocha is combined with that of the god Cuniraya in the first chapter of the Huarochirí Manuscript. The addition of the name Huiracocha to worship that idol shows that he was invoked and respected.

The myth that follows explains the exploits of Cuniraya Viracocha and the way he deceives the huaca Cavillaca: All the huacos wanted her, but she had never slept with any of them. One day, Cuniraya Huiracocha transformed into a bird and planted her male germ in a fruit. Cavillaca ate the fruit and became pregnant without having had sexual intercourse. When she tried to identify the father of her son, Cuniraya Wiracocha appeared as a poor beggar and tried to get her son back. Cavillaca did not believe him and ran out to sea, where she and her son were transformed into islands. Cuniraya Wiracocha tried to find her and asked several animals for help, but she was too late. Upon reaching the sea, she raped the youngest daughter of Pachacamac, another deity. When her mother tried to punish him, he ran away from her. Wandering the land, Wiracocha is known to deceive men.

The White God of the Incas.

The arrival of the Spaniards:

The first Spanish chroniclers of the 16th century did not mention any identification with Viracocha. The first to do so was Pedro Cieza de León two decades after the fall of the Inca Empire. Pedro Cieza de León describes Huiracocha as «a white man with a grown body.» Similar accounts by Spanish chroniclers claim that Huiracocha had the appearance of a European.

Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa relates that Huiracocha «was a man of medium height, white and dressed in a white garment like a maiden girded by the body, and he had a staff and a book in his hands.»

Juan de Betanzos describes him as “a tall man with a body and a white garment that gave him down to the feet that he wore tight, and that he had short hair and a crown made on his head like a priest… he had something in his hands that seems to them today like these breviaries that the priests carried in their hands ”.

Titu Cusi Yupanqui Inca describes the red beards of the Spanish, the animals with silver horseshoes, the written language, and the noise of their arquebuses that connects them with the god of Thunder, Illapa. He then supposes that they were sent by Ticsi Wiracocha. With the discovery that the Spanish were mortal, Titu Cusi reveals that they were commanded by the devil.

Arguments that support these claims include:

The Spanish came from the sea, in the way that Huiracocha and his servants left according to examples in mythology. Huiracocha has a maritime origin.

According to Fioravanti, the direction of the Spanish path, which begins at sea and goes from north to south, is the inverse of the direction that Huiracocha and his servants (or his children in some versions) took.

According to Garcilaso de la Vega, Inca Huiracocha, the leader of the Inca people who had this title of Huiracocha as a symbol of their power and relationship with the highest god, delivered a prophecy in which it was declared that one day the Incas would lose their «idolatry and his empire ”at the hands of a people from a distant land.

Pacha Kamaq and the sacred Inca trinity.

Pacha Kamaq and the sacred Inca trinity.

The Sources I use to complement this:

The History of the Incas by Pedro Sarmiento De Gamboa, Brian S. Bauer, Vania Smith.

Marín-Dale, Margarita. Decoding Andean Mythology. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

Saransig, Julio y Jaramillo, Pedro, Influencia de los Grupos Indígenas en el Desarrollo de la Morfología Urbana de Otavalo» Trabajo académico.

Pacha Kamaq (Quechua, «Creator of the World»; also Pacha Camac, Pachacamac, and Pacharurac) in Inca mythology, is a creator god, the embodiment of Huiracocha, as a god he was originally worshiped on the central coast of the Inca Empire. Considered «the creator» in the Lima, Chancay, Ichma, Huari, and Chincha cultures, especially worshiped in the city of Pachacamac (Lima, Peru) by the Ichma people, a group of pre-Inca indigenous polity later absorbed by the Inca Empire.

The first myth related to Pacha Kamaq is the following:

It is said that Manco Cápac is with his three brothers from him, all of the children of the Sun: Pachacamac, an ancestral (ancient) divinity who was later incorporated into the official Inca cult, and who was worshiped since ancient times by the peoples of the coast; Viracocha, and another nameless god.

The first of these brothers is, precisely, Pachacamac, who when he went out to the [che | world]] climbed to the highest peak, to throw the four stones at the four cardinal points, thus taking possession of everything that encompassed his sight of him and reached for their stones. After him came another brother, who also ascended to the top by order of the minor, the astute and ambitious Manco Cápac, who took advantage of his confidence to throw him into the void and seize power, after having previously locked Pachacamac in a cave and having seen how the third, the god Viracocha, preferred to leave him alone, abandoning his terrible brothers and abhorring his actions to selfishly seize power.

But there are other stories in which, precisely, it is the ancient god Pachakámaq who acts as the protagonist in caring for humans.

His great was the appearance of the first Inca and the first Coya, great was also his cult. They were worshiped in the multitude of solar temples in all corners of the Inca Empire, in a place of the saints very close to the great Sun-god or Inti. Of all the religious sites dedicated to this great Inca god, whether it was temples, oratories, pyramids, or natural sacred places, the one that led them, by rank and by its greatness, was the great sanctuary of Inti-Huasi del Cusco, the rich temple also called Coricancha, or gold room, since its walls were covered with sheets of that metal, for the greater glory of the Inca and the gods from whom he came.

The central image of the Coricancha was the great solar disk, the orthodox and ritual image of the sun god, and around it were the other chapels of the lesser divinities of the sky. After the Coricancha, due to its splendor and importance, the temple dedicated by the Chinchas to Pachacamac is located in Pachacamac, near Lima.

It should be noted that the Chincha culture had it’s supreme being in Chincha Cámac since they worshiped the god Pachacamac (more out of fear than out of respect or love), and they dedicated temples and huacas to him as an act of gratitude for his creative work and They dedicated offerings made by them or selected from among their fruits, for being the savior of their ancestors whom he freed from the initial hunger, they were also sure that this powerful and fearsome god, due to his special personality, could not be the one to whom they came in search of solutions to their troubles and regrets.

In the Great Temple of Pachacamac, near Lima, a sanctuary was erected for the worship of the god without skin or bones, as Pachacamac was described by his faithful, the Incas – after assimilating this god and his cult to that of the Sun – carried out works of embellishment, to make it almost as beautiful as Coricancha, also covering with gold and silver the central chapel, that of the god Pachacamac, in the manner of what was previously done with the entire great solar temple of Cusco.

Another myth associated with Pacha Kamaq tells:

Pacha Kamaq was responsible for creating the first man and woman, but he forgot to give them food, and in just a few days the man died. The woman (who for some reason survives) cursed Pacha Kamaq, accusing him of neglect, and Pacha Kamaq made her fertile to not be alone.

Later Pacha Kamaq killed the first woman’s son and cut the corpse into pieces, each of which became a separate fruit or vegetable plant. The woman’s second son, Wichama, escaped, so Pacha Kamaq killed the woman. Wichama sought revenge and drove Pacha Kamaq into the ocean.

The nation of Tahuantinsuyu adopted the worship of Pacha Kamaq when they incorporated the Ichma into their empire. In late Inca mythology he was the father of Inti and Mama Killa, and husband of Mama Pacha. The Wari, the Pachacamac empire, Chancay, Chimor, and Ichma possessed the city of Pachacamac at some point.

A B’day Ritual

Birthday Ritual

My birthday occurs just one day before the end of the year, so I’ve gotten used to celebrating both every year, and unlike what many expect for «practicality», I keep them separate.

Every year we close a sacred cycle of life, a cycle of learning and experiences, as well as every year we open a new cycle and that is a reason for gratitude and celebration. That is why every year we deserve to take a moment to perform our brief Birthday ritual because we deserve it because you are worth it.

This has been a year to focus on meditation and healing as a collective and as a group, it has also been a year of reflection, assertiveness, and personal commitment. Let’s not forget that a Birthday is a personal reset, a moment of reboot and reconnection with ourselves. Your Birthday is a sacred and unique moment in which you start another revolution around the sun full of astrological events, many of which will only happen once.

The ritual of realization for your birthday can be worked in three different steps: the day before, the day of your birthday, and the day after.

The Holy Day Before.

It is usually the busiest day, although you can start preparing your home seven days before your new age.

Energy Cleanse with a gem elixir

This day is very beneficial to carry out an energetic cleaning. You can light an incense stick and burn sage or rosemary on a hot piece of charcoal in the corners, you can take a hot bath with essential oils, or take a long swim on the beach.

You can also do an energy cleanse at home by filling a dark glass spray bottle with a piece of amethyst, a piece of rose quartz, clean water, a dash of orange blossom essence, and three drops of lemon essential oil.

Make use of this mystical elixir to spray on the bed, as well as in the surroundings and in the corners of the house, to cleanse the energy and purify the spaces.

Move things

If you don’t feel like working in-depth in a specific space, depending on your objectives, I advise you to move Three things to a different place in each of the spaces in the house, the terrace, patio, or garage. You can also go further, and do ‘decorative cleaning’ in your home of what you don’t like. In the latter case, honestly, I haven’t stopped for a month. I feel the need to empty and order as much as possible. I do nothing but donate and give away, and empty a lot, a lot, a lot.

The birthday day.

Start the day with a cup of herbal tea with honey and lemon, to properly nourish your body and mind before consuming anything else, my favorite recommendation is mint tea or eucalyptus tea with honey and a few drops of lemon.

The first bath of this day is the most important, it is the bath of renewal, it is the first bath of this solar cycle, and it is your first purification ritual of this new solar cycle. You can add bath salts with your favorite essential oils, you can make a good fortune bar of soap the day before, and you can also light a myrrh incense stick before you get in the shower.

Wear something new, it can be shoes, it can be a hat, it can be any item of clothing or a pair of socks, I like to wear a necklace or a bracelet every year, this year 2021 for example, I will be wearing a talisman with a tiger’s eyepiece in the center that was a gift from my friend Sam Sebastian.

Give yourself a bouquet of flowers, go to the florist and buy your favorite flowers for yourself, do not wait for someone else to give them to you, there is a huge and powerful energetic symbolism of independence, abundance, self-care, self-love, and self-sufficiency, in this little ritual.

Birthday wish ritual

Serve a glass of champagne in your name, for the symbolism of the bubbles that do not stop rising as well as the abundance of those who drink it. Choose a white or purple candle, and an incense stick of sandalwood, musk, or roses. On a piece of paper write your biggest wish for this new cycle (you can make it extra special by writing your wishes in gold ink). and take with the golden thread you tie the paper with the wish like a small parchment around the candle.

As you tie the paper with your wish, pronounce with each turn of the thread around this talisman:

With this first round, I ask for my health and in health I surround myself
With this second round, I ask for my abundance and in abundance and prosperity I surround myself
With this third round, I ask for my personal growth and in growth I surround myself
With this fourth round, I ask for my guide and my path, and I surround myself with my guides and signs.
With this fifth turn, I ask for love, and in infinite love I surround myself.
With this sixth round, I ask for the divine presence of my personal god, and in his divine presence, I surround myself.

You then proceed to tie a knot in this talisman and light the incense stick and the candle. Let it burn to the end (take all necessary measures not to burn anything around it and prevent anything from burning). Proceed to toast with the glass, toast to yourself, it’s your day, focus on yourself during this day, do not ask for others, and drink your glass calmly.

You can accompany your drink with a piece of birthday cake or a plate of homemade cookies.

The day after your birthday

When you wake up in the morning, apply a few drops of rose essential oil to your wrists, and light a white candle to light your way through this new solar cycle.

Five magical plants native to South America

Five magical plants native to South America

All plants have their own characteristics and energies, but this time I wanted to focus on six plants from South America, plants that have been popularizing in the market in recent years and are very popular among witches around the world.

This post is made as a personal request, because my mother tells me to write a little more about the plants that she, my sisters and I usually use at home, easy to get in the mountains and mountains of Maria Lionza in Venezuela, but which are also commonly achieved in all the countries of the South.

The Paico or Epazote
(Dysphania ambrosioides)

It grows normally on the banks of rivers and lakes, was already widely used by the great people of the Aztecs and has a characteristic strong and sugary smell, a flavor similar to mint (although much less pleasant).

The Paico is used to scare away evil spirits and ghosts, its seeds are placed under the bed to dispel the nightmares and its infusion is left to rest at night and then used in cold showers, this bathroom has the power to help us heal inner wounds (physical and emotional), balances the energy and its twigs give us calm in desperate situations.

The diluted oil of the paico is highly toxic, can cause poisoning, asphyxia, headaches and respiratory problems.

Matico, the soldier’s grass
(Buddleja globosa)

This plant with peculiar yellow forms is native to Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia, it is known as the soldier’s plant, since it is used to prepare an aromatic infusion that heals and disinfects the wounds, then its crushed humid leaves are used to cover the wounds of the soldiers, so it is very common to sow around the borders of the countries.

Its indigenous name is «potoima rao», and the witches and shamans of Peru and Bolivia use branches of this plant that are tied with colored ribbons to form a small broom with which they «sweep away evil» from anywhere, then burn so that its smoke drives away the spirits of the forest and the goblins.

Llanten / White man’s foot
(Plantago major)

This plant is really native to Europe and Asia. But it has been introduced to other regions of the world where it has grown and become very popular, including North America, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina.

Its medical uses include a huge catalog, from treating bronchitis, gargling, conjunctivitis, asthma, and ulcers, to anti-inflammatory and soothing uses. Magically protects from evil spells and all kinds of enchantments, according to the folklore of South America is the only plant that can cure the blindness caused by a spell, burns in the Night of San Juan to attract a loyal and honest lover, heals the » evil eye «, dissipates envies and negative energies, and even used to prepare countless love filters and protection amulets.

Horse tail / Cola de caballo
(Equisetum arvense)

This plant is a powerful diuretic, is used to clean, treat and disinfect the kidneys and bladder, but besides it being a popular protection plant, its infusion is used to wash the frames of the doors and windows, so they keep away people who are a bad influence for us.

This plant is burned with basil as a popular incense to clean streets and road crossings against demons and evil spirits.

Hair of Angel
(Cuscuta corymbosa)

Originating from the Center and very common between Peru and Mexico, this plant is the nightmare of the garden for many people since it is considered a parasitic plant that prevents the normal development of the others that are within its reach, usually this plant in a certain way. by devouring the roots of other plants around.

This plant is burned like a votive incense to the spirits and the gods, the folklorists tell us that the smoke of this plant helps us to see the spirit world through it, when a house is considered «possessed by spirits». they fill huge cauldrons with this plant in the corners and they are burned, their smoke will not only disclose the evil spirits, but it will also scare them away because this smoke has for them a fetid and disgusting aroma that they can not tolerate.

In the esoteric markets of many countries of Central America, especially in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela, it is common to find the famous «dead scared bags», perfectly sealed red cloth bags that are filled with a combination of plants to scare away evil spirits, one of these plants is the «hair angel», these bags burn in the main hall of the house to free it from evil spirits.

Maria Lionza, Queen of Witches & Fairies.

Maria Lionza
The Queen of Witches & Fairies.

In my native Venezuela, we have folklore full of spirits and witches so complex that it does not even fit in the books, but it is also so popular that it has been studied in different universities in the USA, Germany, and England by the level of devotion and ritual practice of Their respective followers.

One of these cults, perhaps the most notable is the cult of Maria Lionza. Maria Lionza (Yara) or «Maria de la Onza & Yara» is one of the most iconic characters in Venezuelan folklore, her cult dates back to a little more than 500 years and began to be commented on in the history books from 1515, Almost two decades after the discovery of America, although it was in the early 1900s that the cult came to light and began to be documented by anthropologists and historians.

The cult of Queen Maria Lionza began in the vicinity of the mountains of Sorte in Chivacoa (Yaracuy), where the indigenous people of the region met to worship at that time to their ancestors, a cult that still prevails in Venezuela, Becoming more and more popular.

An altar to María Lionza; she is depicted centrally as a mestizo queen.

The American anthropologist Wade Glenn of Tulane University has studied and confirmed that more than half of the Venezuelan population has voluntarily participated in at least one ritual in honor of Queen Maria Lionza, being she the central figure of Venezuelan spiritualism, a Cult similar to that of Maria Laveau in New Orleans, USA.

The cult of Maria Lionza is of Indian origin, but in spite of it, with the passage of the years its figure has been modified to adapt it to the figure of a white woman with a gold crown on its head, a white or red rose In a hand (symbol of peace or love respectively) and a banner in the right hand, just where he has written his mission as divinity as «Protector of the waters and Goddess of the crops.»

Maria Lionza is the goddess who lives in the leafiest forests of Venezuela, between the caves enchanted by fairies and the flocks of wild animals, always surrounded by subordinate and obedient spirits. As divinity symbolizes femininity, love is a universal principle and the force of life and rebirth. For many modern pagans, the Queen Mary Lionza is an incarnation of Venus or Gea, as the goddess of peace, love, and nature. Among its attributes are mainly magic and divination linked to the element of water, thunder, natural perfumes-based oils, forests, fairy courts, and mountains.

The cult of Maria Lionza has spread outside of Venezuela, leading her to be venerated in Chile, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Guatemala. And it has also been mixed with elements of Santeria, Spiritism, magic with fairies, and traditional witchcraft to lead him to develop his own form of witchcraft, which has led him to know him in different countries like «The Queen of fairies», «Matriarch of the Witches» and «the Patroness of the 21 Courts».

All these honorific titles have been awarded to the blessed Queen Maria Lionza, not only for her thousands of miracles granted but also for her different attributes as an autochthonous deity of the Latin American region.

The Queen of Fairies

The cult around Queen Maria Lionza has always been linked in Venezuela and Colombia to the worship of the fairies, due in great measure to the indigenous belief because the aboriginal Indians of Venezuela believed in the magic presence of spiritual beings of enormous power that They lived in the forests and could change their shape. Aboriginal peoples originating in Venezuela, such as the Wayuu, the Añu, the Wanikua, the Pemones, the Yukpa, the Timoto-cuicas and the Yanomami (just to mention a few) shared the belief in life after the Death, the presence of spirits, and fairies in nature, although their belief in fairies (even today throughout South America) prevails untouchable in the face of the European belief in fairies and their concept of the «good fairies» of diminutive stature And character-wise or in some cases childish.

In Venezuelan native folklore, the fairies are spirits that inhabit and care for the forest, the lagoons, and the rivers, they take human form and they can become all kinds of animals, they live mainly at the night and after the Sunset, they are extremely intelligent and they know All the secrets of witchcraft, attend sorcerers and witches in their rituals and usually do not wear clothes. In the native folklore of Venezuela, sirens are another form that fairies take to mobilize by the rivers, make deals with the sorcerers of the night in exchange for all sorts of favors and kidnap babies that are not baptized.

According to the myth, Queen Maria Lionza, at that time a virgin maiden, daughter of a powerful Cacique, pact with the fairies in exchange for knowing the secrets of the night, the fairies, who at that time had mourned the ascent of his Reigned in the world of spirits, saw the young maiden in the incarnation of her queen, bestowed beauty on her and all the secrets were revealed to her, upon her death she became the queen of the forests of the Amazon, queen of the fairies and All the spirits of the forest.

Since then, both myths have been intimately linked, in fact, it is very common to say in Venezuela that «to make deals with the fairies», you must first request the permission of your queen patron Maria Lionza. It is also popularly believed that the practice of the South American shamans to place the children on a bracelet of red thread with a hanging jet to «ward off the Evil Eye» was a teaching of the fairies by order of their Indian queen.

The Matriarch of All Witches

«To understand Santeria you must first understand spiritualism».

The above is a common phrase of every home practitioner in Venezuela, because in magic and witchcraft, as in everything else, there are no fast roads or short roads, and this motto comes from the order of witches, an order ( A Coven) of many others that are maintained under the devotion of the Venezuelan people.

In traditional Venezuelan witchcraft it is common to work with one of the 21 magic courts to ask favors, being Maria Lionza the main character of the main of these (not all) but of the largest, for which has been considered the Queen Of witches.

A common practice is to bring white flowers, tobaccos, and aguardiente to the river to be left there in the name of Maria Lionza, who in return would grant favors to her devout servants.

The Legend of the Queen of Witches

«Maria Lionza (Yara) was a maiden Nívar, delighted daughter of a powerful cacique of Nirgua. The Shaman of the village had predicted that when a strange-eyed, water-green-eyed girl was born, she had to be sacrificed and offered as a sacrifice to the Waterman, the «Great Anaconda,» and if not, Extinction of the Nívar. But his father was unable to do so. And he had the girl in a mountain cave, with 22 warriors guarding her and preventing her from leaving. She was forbidden to see herself in the mirrors of water. But one day a mysterious force numbed the guardians and the beautiful girl came out of the cave and walked to the lake, discovering her own reflection in the water.

She was delighted with her vision. Thus he awakened the Water Master to the Great Anaconda, who emerged from the depths, falling in love with her and drawing her to herself. On Lake Maria Lionza and the mighty serpent, they celebrated a spiritual and mystical communion. When his father discovered the union, he tried to separate them. Then the Anaconda grew, became huge, and exploded causing a great flood that devastated the village and its people.

From that day Maria Lionza became the protective Goddess and owner of the lagoons, rivers, and waterfalls, protector mother of nature, wild animals, and queen of love. The myth of Yara survived the Spanish conquest, although it underwent some modifications. In this sense, Yara was covered by the Catholic religion with the mantle of the Christian virgin and took the name of Our Lady Mary of the Ounce of the Meadow of Talavera de Nivar. However, with the passage of time, would be known as Maria de la Onza, or Maria Lionza.

The Mother Goddess

Since it was published in her 1939 essay «The Spiritualist Service to the Queen» by Gilberto Antolínez, there have been more than 25 different accounts of the cult of Maria Lionza in Venezuela, all of them very popular in the circles of witches and Venezuelan spiritualists.

All these different accounts tell the same story of the myth of the Queen of fairies from different points of view, all concluding in the rise of the young maiden as queen of the Indians and protector of their devout witches.

The Venezuelan Trinity

As in most of the religions that have emerged from the Indo-European period, a trinity patron of the pantheon is often found, the case of Venezuela would not be the exception.

Maria Lionza is the central character of the Venezuelan trinity that represents the Latin culture of that time, known as «Las Tres Potencias» (The Three Powers) made up of blacks, Indians, and white Spaniards. In this case, the trinity is conformed by the Queen Maria Lionza, the famous «Cacique Guaicaipuro», a Cacique of the Caracas and other tribes that strongly opposed to the invasion of the Spaniards, and «El Negro Felipe», a soldier during the wars of Independence from Venezuela.

The courts

In the Venezuelan esoteric cult, the so-called «Three Powers» form a spiritual council of great power that governs a magical universe full of spirits and fairies divided into a total of 21 courts that assist the witches in the accomplishment of their magical works.

The main courts of Maria Lionza are:

The Celestial Court: Led by Jesus of Nazareth and represented by the Sacred Heart of Jesus, it is conformed by all Catholic saints.
The Venezuelan Indigenous Court: This order is presided over by Queen Maria Lionza, the Cacique Guaicaipuro, and his sister India Cari Cara, which is made up of: caciques, cacicas, and Indians.
The Black Court: Directed by El Negro Felipe and la Negra Matea, is conformed by the souls of black slaves, witches, and sorcerers with colored skin.
The Liberating Court: Presided by Simón Bolívar and General Francisco de Miranda, conformed by those who led the revolt against the Spanish crown.
The Court of the Juanes: Conformed by various figures of Venezuelan folklore: Don Juan del Tabaco, Don Juan del Dinero, Don Juan de los Caminos, Don Juan de los Suspiros, etc …
The Medical Court: Led by Dr. José Gregorio Hernández (El Venerable) and conformed by the souls of doctors and nurses. It is a very popular order that is invoked to aid in healing processes.
The Shaman’s Court : Led by the Great Nicanor Ochoa Pinto Morillo (the sorcerer who cures and kills in 24 hours).
The Court of Souls: Led by the Anima Sola (Maria de la Luz) and made up of the souls without the rest of the popular belief of each country.

The other Courts

The African Court.
The Viking Court.
The Cale Court.
The Court of Students.
The Court of Charms.
The Court of the Witches (READ HERE)
The Asian Court or Chinese Court.
The Indian Apache Court.
The Gypsy Court or court of the fortune-tellers.
The Red Court.
The Barbara Court.
The Egyptian Court.
The English Court.

Amazing Symbol

The sculptor Alejandro Colina immortalized her for the world as a naked athletic musculature woman, an Indian Caribbean Goddess on a tapir (male tapir, worshiped by indigenous tribes), and with outstretched hands holding a female pelvis bone (Symbol of fertility) on her feet the tapeworm crushes snakes, symbols of envy and selfishness.

Elhoim Leafar